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Chapter 6: The Fall, Sin and Its Punishment

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Chapter 6
THE FALL, SIN AND ITS PUNISHMENT

6.1 God created Adam upright and perfect, and gave him a righteous law which secured life for him while he kept it, but threatened death if he broke it. Yet Adam did not live long in this position of honor.1 Satan used the subtlety of the serpent to subdue Eve, she seduced Adam, and Adam (without any compulsion) willfully transgressed the law of their creation and the command given to them by eating the forbidden fruit.2 God was pleased to permit this act, according to His wise and holy counsel, as it was His purpose to direct it toward His own glory.3

(1) Ecclesiastes 7:29; Romans 5:12a,14-15; Genesis 2:17; 4:25-5:3
(2) Genesis 3:1-7; 2 Corinthians 11:3; 1 Timothy 2:14
(3) Romans 11:32-34; 2 Samuel 24:1; 1 Chronicles 21:1; 1 Kings 22:22-23; 2 Samuel 16:10; Acts 2:23; 4:27-28

6.2 By this sin our first parents fell from their original righteousness and communion with God. We fell in them, for by it death came upon all;1 all became dead in sin and totally defiled in all the faculties and parts of soul and body.2

(1) Genesis 3:22-24; Romans 5:12ff; 1 Corinthians 15:20-22; Psalms 51:4-5; 58:3; Ephesians 2:1-3; Genesis 8:21; Proverbs 22:15
(2) Genesis 2:17; Ephesians 2:1; Titus 1:15; Genesis 6:5; Jeremiah 17:9; Romans 3:10-18; 1:21; Ephesians 4:17-19; John 5:40; Romans 8:7

6.3 By God's appointment, they were the root, standing in the place of the whole human race. The guilt of this sin was imputed to, and their corrupted nature passed on to all their posterity by ordinary birth. Their descendants are therefore conceived in sin, and are by nature children of wrath, the servants of sin, the subjects of death and all other miseries—spiritual, temporal, and eternal—unless the Lord Jesus sets them free.1

(1) Genesis 5:12ff, 1 Corinthians 15:20-22; Psalms 51:4-5; 58:3; Ephesians 2:1-3; Genesis 8:21; Proverbs 22:15; Job 14:4; 15:14

6.4 All actual transgressions proceed from this original corruption.1 By it we are completely incapacitated and disabled, antagonistic to all good and entirely biased towards evil.2

(1) Matthew 7:17-20; 12:33-35; 15:18-20
(2) Matthew 7:17-18; 12:33-35; Luke 6:43-45; John 3:3,5; 6:37,39,40,44,45,65; Romans 3:10-12; 5:6; 7:18; 8:7-8; 1 Corinthians 2:14

6.5 During this life, this corruption of nature remains in those who are regenerated.1 Although it is pardoned and put to death through Christ, yet both this corrupt nature and all its actions are truly and actually sin.2

(1) 1 John 1:8-10; 1 Kings 8:46; Psalms 130:3; 143:2; Proverbs 20:9; Ecclesiastes 7:20; Romans 7:14-25; James 3:2
(2) Psalms 51:4-5; Proverbs 22:15; Ephesians 2:3; Romans 7:5,7-8,17-18,25; 8:3-13; Galatians 5:17-24; Genesis 8:21; Proverbs 15:26; 21:4; Genesis 8:21; Matthew 5:27-28