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Chapter 9: Of Free Will

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Chapter 9
FREE WILL

9.1 God has provided the human will by nature with liberty and power to act upon choice; it is neither forced, nor determined by any intrinsic necessity to do good or evil.1

(1) Matthew 17:12; James 1:14; Deuteronomy 30:19

9.2 In his state of innocence, Adam had freedom and power to will and to do what was good and well-pleasing to God;1 but he was unstable so that he might fall from this condition.2

(1) Ecclesiastes 7:29
(2) Genesis 3:6

9.3 The human race through the fall into a state of sin, has completely lost all ability of will to perform any spiritual good accompanying salvation. In our natural state we are altogether opposed to spiritual good and dead in sin; we are not able, by our own strength, to convert ourselves, or even to prepare ourselves for conversion.1

(1) Romans 6:16,20; John 8:31-34; Ephesians 2:1; 2 Corinthians 3:14; 4:3-4; John 3:3; Romans 7:18; 8:7; 1 Corinthians 2:14; Matthew 7:17-18; 12:33-37; Luke 6:43-45; John 6:44; Jeremiah 13:23; John 3:3,5; 5:40, 6:37,39,40,44,45,65; Acts 7:51; Romans 3:10-12; James 1:18; Romans 9:16-18; John 1:12-13; Acts 11:18; Philippians 1:29; Ephesians 2:8-9

9.4 When God converts sinners and transfers them into the state of grace, He frees them from their natural bondage to sin, and by His grace alone He enables them freely to will and to do what is spiritually good.1 Nevertheless, because of their remaining corruption, they do not perfectly nor exclusively will what is good, but also will what is evil.2

(1) Colossians 1:13; John 8:36; Philippians 2:13
(3) Romans 7:14-25; Galatians 5:17

9.5 Only in the state of glory will our wills be made perfectly and permanently free to do good alone.1

(1) Ephesians 4:13; Hebrews 12:23